Age at onset and cognition in schizophrenia: meta-analysis

Following is a link to the abstract of a new study in the British Journal of Psychiatry and the relationship between age of onset and cognition in Schizophrenia.  The abstract is easy to read and short.  To see the full article you have to be a subscriber to the magazine.

Age at Onset and Cognition in Schizophrenia

Submitted by: Darrell H.

Effect of age at onset of schizophrenia on white matter abnormalities

Following is a link to an abstract from the British Journal of Psychiatry on a study concerning age of onset of schizophrenia and white matter abnormalities in the Brain.  In order to see the full article you need a subscription.  The abstract is short and easy to read.

Effect of Age

Submitted by: Darrell H.

New Baylor Study Finds Clergy Dismiss Depression, Anxiety The Most Often

Following is a study from Baylor University on Clergy and Mental Illness.  It talks about how they react to mental illness in their parishioners.  It also states that clergy are most often consulted about psychological stress not psychologists or other mental health professionals.

New Baylor Study

Submitted by: Darrell H.

HUD: Continuum of Care Homeless Assistance Program

The Department of Housing & Urban Development (HUD) has announced the availability of approximately $1.43 billion in funding available for homeless assistance grants across the country. The Continuum of Care (CoC) Homeless Assistance Program works to reduce the incidence of homelessness in CoC communities by assisting homeless individuals and families in moving to self-sufficiency and permanent housing.

Application deadline: November 9, 2009

NCD: The Current State of Health Care for People with Disabilities

The National Council on Disability (NCD) released its latest report, focusing the nation’s attention on the health care disparities experienced by people with disabilities, and provides recommendations that can help eliminate health care inequities for people with disabilities.

SAMHSA: Funding Announcements

SAMHSA Awards Up to $26.2 Million to State and Tribal Youth Suicide Prevention Programs Across the Country

The grants will help fund crucial suicide prevention efforts especially geared for youth including early intervention and assessment services, referrals to mental health care and treatment, and information and outreach campaigns.  The grants will also help promote training for communities on the latest youth suicide prevention services and approaches, as well as provide support to families of youth who may be at risk for suicide.

Press Release:

SAMHSA Awards Almost $81.5 Million in Grants to Help Homeless Individuals and Families

SAMHSA announced that it is awarding grants totaling almost $81.5 million over five years to local organizations throughout the country working to end chronic homelessness in their communities. This program has a targeted focus to serve chronically homeless individuals and families by enhancing existing permanent supportive housing programs and other resources. The programs will provide intensive individualized support services designed to reduce psychiatric symptoms and empower people to regain stability.

Press Release:

SAMHSA Awards $16.8 Million in State and Community Partnership Grants for Healthy Transitions Initiative for Youth with Serious Mental Health Challenges: Grants Will Support Integrated Mental Health Services and Supports

SAMHSA announced that it is awarding grants totaling almost $16.8 million over five years to states for integrated home- and community-based services and supports for youth and young adults with serious mental health challenges and their families.  The Healthy Transitions Initiative will develop or build upon existing systems to provide these youth and their families with educational, employment, mental health and other services designed to enhance their well being and ensure their successful transition to adulthood and independence.

Press Release:

SAMHSA First-of-a-Kind National Study Reveals that 8.3 Million Adults in the U.S. had Serious Thoughts of Committing Suicide in the Past Year

Nearly 8.3 million adults in the U.S. (3.7 percent) had serious thoughts of committing suicide in the past year according to the first national scientific survey of its size on this public health problem.  The study by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) also shows that 2.3 million adult Americans made a suicide plan in the past year and that 1.1 million adults – 0.5 percent of all adult Americans – had actually attempted suicide in the past year.

Press Release:

The full report:

NIMH Funds Four Centers of Excellence in Genomic Science: New Efforts Will Focus on Psychiatric Disorders, Gene Regulation

The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) and NIMH, both part of the National Institutes of Health, announced grants expected to total approximately $45 million to establish new Centers of Excellence in Genomic Science in Wisconsin and North Carolina, as well as to continue support of existing centers in Maryland and California. The Centers of Excellence in Genomic Science program, begun in 2001 by NHGRI, assembles interdisciplinary teams dedicated to making critical advances in genomic research. The new center that will be co-led by the Medical College of Wisconsin and University of Wisconsin-Madison will receive about $8 million over three years. The new center at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill will receive about $8.6 million over five years. The existing center at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles will receive about $12 million over five years and the existing center at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore will receive about $16.8 million over five years.

Press Release:

NIMH: First Direct Evidence: Instability is the Normal State of the Brain’s Cortex–Might Aberrant Neuronal “Avalanches” Signal Mental Illness?

Even when we’re not doing much of anything, our brain’s cortex, or outer mantle, is bustling with activity. In fact, scientists for the first time have detected “avalanches” of cortex activity in awake monkeys at rest. They’ve also discovered that these bursts of synchronous neuronal activity aren’t just random, but rather precisely ordered. Large avalanches are followed by smaller and smaller avalanches, much like the aftershocks of an earthquake. This type of ordering reveals that the normal state of cortex circuitry is at a tipping point: at the edge of instability — like rocks along an earthquake fault. “Mental illness may involve disturbances in this delicate balance, and abnormal avalanche patterns are potentially detectable,” explained NIMH’s Dietmar Plenz, Ph.D. “Being in such a state of instability allows neurons to telegraph information optimally across varying distances and to quickly adapt to new challenges. This makes it possible for the cortex to grow through development and expand through evolution without changes in its architecture.” Plenz and colleagues report on their study of neuronal avalanches online during the week of August 24, 2009 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Science Update: